This is protected by law number 33. It refers to a bat hitting the ball that was intercepted by a fielder just prior to hitting the Cricket ground. The catch has to be deemed fair, and the method of delivery has to be legal.
Outfielders’ claims to catch catches generally are obvious and the umpire does not have to decide. A common exception to that rule is when catches are made by cricketers who are wicket-keepers ( see chart below) in which the ball is struck by the edge of the bat. The batsman is entitled to maintain their position and permit the umpire to determine if the batter is in or not.
There are a few aspects of the law that need to be considered. To allow an incident to be legal, the ball should not land on the ground before it is able to reach the fielder or come into contact with the ground when the catch is being claimed. The fielder has to be in total control over the ball prior to releasing the ball and must not be in direct contact with the boundaries markers.
If the above conditions are satisfied then the catch is considered to be fair, and the bowler gets a dismissal.
Caught is by far the most popular method of dismissal used in cricket and more than a quarter of wickets are dismissed in this manner. Utilizing figures related to tests, which are identical across all formats Statistics show that 58.6 percent of all dismissals are made.
2. Bowled Out
Law 32 regulates the particular disqualification. A batsman is considered as having been bowled in the event that an official delivery hits their wicket and then puts it on the ground. To allow that wicket to be classified as “put down,” at the very least one bail has to be loosened and fall on the ground.
The delivery could hit the wicket in a straight line, or it could hit the bat, or any other part of the body of the player before it touches the stumps.
Once the dismissal is done, ought to be clear and should not need the umpire to make a decision.
Bowled dismissals are frequent, regardless of which form the game. According to official statistics, 21.3 percent of batsmen have been ruled to play this way.
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3. Leg Before Wicket (LBW)
LBW dismissals are subject to law 36. This was passed to prohibit batsmen who block the wicket using their legs, or with any other body part. Batsmen can therefore dismiss when a legal delivery hits the body in any way and it is deemed to have hit the stumps. This delivery does not have to have to strike the legs, and the cricketer’s actions do not have been deliberate.
There are specific limitations on certain aspects of the LBW law that make it one of the most complicated dismissals. The first is that the ball can’t be pitched outside the leg stump, and when it is determined to have been so then the batsman must not be disqualified.
The delivery should also be exactly in line with the stumps. If it is believed to have hit the player in the off stump, and the batsman is engaged in shots, the LBW rule is not allowed to be enforced. But if the player does not play an actual shot, then LBW is permitted. Also, LBW should not be granted if the ball strikes the bat or batsman’s glove prior to striking the body.
LBW the decision to dismiss a player is entirely up to the judgment of the umpire. The fielding team can contest the decision and it is up for an umpire to decide.
The numbers pertaining to LBW laws indicate that 14.4 percent of batters are disqualified by this process. It will be fascinating to find out if these numbers have grown after the implementation of the Decision Review System (DRS).
4. Run Out
In accordance with Law 38. In the eyes of the law, a player can be deemed run out of the field if a member of the fielding team sets the wicket and that batsman is outside their grounds. To remain within their own ground, a batsman must have a portion of their bat or body within the crease that is popping before the wicket gets broken.
The moment at which the wicket is laid is described as the point at which bails are removed from the stumps and then drop into the floor. Most of the time the run-out dismissal occurs when batsmen trying to make a run. But, it may occur if a batter is unable to stay in the crease or falls from their crease, and the wicket is thrown on the ground by the fielder.
Run-outs can be tight decisions and adjudication most of the time is handled by an umpire.
It isn’t a frequent dismissal in the game of test cricket, as it accounts for only 3.46 percent of wickets taking place to this method. These numbers will likely rise in cricket with limited overs however, it is an uncommon way to be dismissed.
Stumped refers to a type of dismissal that is executed especially through the wicketkeeper (see the chart below). It is covered under law 39. It begins at the time a batter leaves his crease to play an delivery. When the ball reaches the stumps, and the wicket is then pushed on the ground by the wicketkeeper then the batter is considered to be out of the game if not a piece of their body is behind the pop crease.
If a batter is attempting an attack, his decision to dismiss is deemed run-out, however, if the batsman has gone off the crease in order to play the ball, the batsman is termed’stumped..’
Statistics on stumped dismissals indicate that 2.02 percent of batsmen in test cricket get their wickets in this manner. This amount could increase with limited-overs formats, however stumped will likely remain in the top five most popular methods for delivering the ball.
Most dismissals of a wicket Keeper in ODI CricketThe following are the top 10 wicket-keepers based on the number of disqualifications (caught as well as stumped) during Day International cricket. Click the profile images for further information on the individual.
6. Hit Wicket
The dismissal of a hit wicket is subject to cricket law 36. The batsman will be deemed not to be able to hit a wicket when they damage the wicket using the bat or any other component of their body during an attack or trying their first shot. The dismissal could be impacted if a piece of their equipment, most particularly the helmet, gets damaged and the wicket is broken because of the delivery.
The ball must be legal (meaning that it’s not non-ball) and once more the wicket is said to be down when the bail gets smashed after which it falls back on the ground.
Dismissals of hit wickets are common in all types of games, accounting for 0.230 percent of all dismissals occurring in this manner. One of the greatest hits that occurred in the 1995 ODI World Cup final was when the West Indies’ Roy Fredericks was thrown over his stumps following striking the ball with six.
7. Obstructing the Field
Obstructing the Field is the long-defunct exclusion of “handled the ball.’ It is protected by law 37 which declares that the player can be disqualified if they deliberately block the field side using their body or through words or actions.
The majority of the time, an appeal against blocking the field can be granted if a batter willfully hinders fielders to make a perfect catch. Another reason for dismissal can be found in the event that a batter alters its direction to avoid the possibility of a run-out. Fielding teams are obliged to appeal. Both umpires may consult prior to a final decision.
The world is exploding with actual rarities and less than 0.01 percent of all dismissals stem because of obstruction to the field. For instance, Ben Stokes was given exile after he threw the ball during an ODI match against Australia in the year 2015.
8. Hit the Ball Twice
As a result of Law 34″Hit the Ball Twice is an uncommon exclusion. Like the title suggests when a player hits the ball with a violent force twice after hitting the bat, or an area of their clothing or body and the batsman is exiled.
However, there is one exception to this rule in that batsmen are able to make use of their bat or any other area of their body that is not their hands to stop the ball from hitting stumps. In this case, then the second strike will be deemed legal and if it was wilful due to any other motive, the umpire is able to accept an appeal to hit the ball Twice.
Another dismissal is that the figures for percentages are far lower than 0.01. This is the 2nd rarest version, right before the timed out. It is the only instance of hitting the ball Twice in cricket tests and there is a claim that there have been 21 of these dismissals across the various formats up to 2021.
9. Timed Out
When a player is removed for any reason, the new batter is given three minutes to get to the field in order to make their way to the crease. If they do not meet this deadline the side fielding them could appeal and the umpire will confirm the dismissal as being “timed out”.
It is a violation of the law 40 in the cricket laws and it is a uncommon disqualification.
The practice of Timed Out is extremely rare and there are no cases of it in test cricket. Over the years of cricket first class, just six batters were handed out in this manner.
10. Retired Out
In the course of their innings, batsmen may quit the playing field in the event of a valid reason – typically injury or another kind of incapacitation. It should be done in conjunction with the consent of the umpire, but when the cause is clear and legal, they’re surely going to let it happen.
But, if a player leaves the field without authorization or with a motive that is unjustified the batter could be dismissed as being retired. The situation has been seen very few times, but it is usually when batsmen leave the field of giving their teammates an opportunity to play at their area of the crease. This is why it’s the situation that “retired out’ may appear in a scorecard used for training matches.
It’s never been seen in the test game and I believe there is a high probability that an experienced batsman in the test would retire “out”. It is only common to observe the dismissal of a player in touring matches, where a player retires following a great score in order that the other players can also get an opportunity to play.